Scarlet Cup fungi appeared under my banding net on 9 April 2011--my First-of-the-Year fungus! According to Alexander Smith, in The Mushroom Hunter's Field Guide, these fungi are "harbingers of spring." They appear in early April and may last until the end of May. They are found in forests almost worldwide, either on fallen branches or, like these, on leaf-litter. Smith does not recommend eating them. According to Wikipedia, dried and powdered Scarlet Cups have been used to stop bleeding; the English have also used this fungus as a table decoration.