In the alpine meadows surrounding Mount Rainier’s snow, we found a flock of American Pipits. These birds breed in Alaska and arctic Canada, south through the Rocky Mountains. The birds are common migrants or winter residents in much of the rest of North America. I have blogged about migrant pipits in Minnesota.
Pipits survive their harsh breeding environment. All About Birds reports that 17 pipit nests in Wyoming were buried by snow for a day. Nestlings over 11 days survived. Most younger birds died.